perfect infinitive

perfect infinitive
This is the type to have been, to have said, etc., and occurs most commonly after the verbs appear and seem: She appeared to have encouraged him / That seemed to have been an isolated incident. In each case the reported event occurred before the time of the statement itself. If the event and the reporting occur at the same time, a present (or present continuous) infinitive is used instead: She appeared to be encouraging him / That seemed to be an isolated incident. For the type would have liked (or preferred) to have been, see have 2; like (verb).

Modern English usage. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • infinitive — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ bare ▪ Modal verbs generally take the bare infinitive. ▪ perfect ▪ You use ‘have’ to form the perfect infinitive of a verb. ▪ passive …   Collocations dictionary

  • Infinitive — In grammar, infinitive is the name for certain verb forms that exist in many languages. In the usual (traditional) description of English, the infinitive of a verb is its basic form with or without the particle to: therefore, do and to do, be and …   Wikipedia

  • perfect — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} verb Perfect is used with these nouns as the object: ↑art, ↑craft, ↑skill, ↑system, ↑technique {{Roman}}II.{{/Roman}} adj. VERBS ▪ be, look, seem …   Collocations dictionary

  • Split infinitive — A split infinitive is an English language grammatical construction in which a word or phrase, usually an adverb or adverbial phrase, comes between the marker to and the bare infinitive (uninflected) form of a verb. For example, a split infinitive …   Wikipedia

  • Future perfect tense — The future perfect tense is used to describe an event that has not yet happened but which is expected or planned to happen before another stated occurrence. Formation of the future perfect in English In English, this tense is formed as… …   Wikipedia

  • Accusative and infinitive — In grammar, accusative and infinitive is the name for a syntactic construction of Latin and Greek, also found in various forms in other languages such as English and Spanish. In this construction, the subject of a subordinate clause is put in the …   Wikipedia

  • Conditional perfect — In linguistics, the conditional perfect is the composed (compound) form of the conditional mood. It refers to a hypothetical action in the past, contingent on something else that did not occur in the past. The difference from the present form of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch conjugation — Dutch grammar series Dutch grammar Dutch verbs Dutch conjugation t kofschip T rules Dutch nouns Dutch declension Gender in Dutch grammar Dutch orthography Dutch dictionary IJ Dutch phonology …   Wikipedia

  • German verbs — may be classified as either weak , with a dental consonant inflection, or strong , showing a vowel gradation (ablaut). Both of these are regular systems. Most verbs of both types are regular, though various subgroups and anomalies do arise. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Romance copula — The copula or copulae (the verb or verbs meaning to be ) in all Romance languages largely derive from the Latin verbs esse to be (ultimately from Proto Indo European *h1es , as in English is); stāre to stand (ultimately from Proto Indo European… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.